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QUESTION

Given a number n. The task is to find the smallest number whose factorial contains at least n trailing zeroes.”,

“TESTCASE_1”: “6\n###—###SEPERATOR—###—\n25”, “TESTCASE_2”: “20\n###—###SEPERATOR—###—\n85”, “TESTCASE_3”: “14\n###—###SEPERATOR—###—\n60”, “TESTCASE_4”: “0\n###—###SEPERATOR—###—\n0”, “TESTCASE_5”: “0\n###—###SEPERATOR—###—\n0

ANSWER

// C++ program tofind smallest number whose
// factorial contains at least n trailing
// zeroes.
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Return true if number's factorial contains
// at least n trailing zero else false.
bool check(int p, int n)
{
    int temp = p, count = 0, f = 5;
    while (f <= temp)
    {
        count += temp/f;
        f = f*5;
    }
    return (count >= n);
}
 
// Return smallest number whose factorial
// contains at least n trailing zeroes
int findNum(int n)
{
    // If n equal to 1, return 5.
    // since 5! = 120.
    if (n==1)
        return 5;
 
    // Initalising low and high for binary
    // search.
    int low = 0;
    int high = 5*n;
 
    // Binary Search.
    while (low <high)
    {
        int mid = (low + high) >> 1;
 
        // Checking if mid's factorial contains
        // n trailing zeroes.
        if (check(mid, n))
            high = mid;
        else
            low = mid+1;
    }
 
    return low;
}
 
// driver code
int main()
{
    int n;
  cin>>n;
    cout << findNum(n) ;
    return 0;
}
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