Regular Expression Matching

Given an input string s and a pattern p, implement regular expression matching with support for '.' and '*' where:

  • '.' Matches any single character.​​​​
  • '*' Matches zero or more of the preceding element.

The matching should cover the entire input string (not partial).

Example 1:

Input: s = "aa", p = "a"
Output: false
Explanation: "a" does not match the entire string "aa".

Example 2:

Input: s = "aa", p = "a*"
Output: true
Explanation: '*' means zero or more of the preceding element, 'a'. Therefore, by repeating 'a' once, it becomes "aa".

Example 3:

Input: s = "ab", p = ".*"
Output: true
Explanation: ".*" means "zero or more (*) of any character (.)".

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 20
  • 1 <= p.length <= 30
  • s contains only lowercase English letters.
  • p contains only lowercase English letters, '.', and '*'.
  • It is guaranteed for each appearance of the character '*', there will be a previous valid character to match.

SOLUTION

class Solution {
    public boolean isMatch(String text, String pattern) {
        boolean[][] dp = new boolean[text.length() + 1][pattern.length() + 1];
        dp[text.length()][pattern.length()] = true;

        for (int i = text.length(); i >= 0; i--){
            for (int j = pattern.length() - 1; j >= 0; j--){
                boolean first_match = (i < text.length() &&
                                       (pattern.charAt(j) == text.charAt(i) ||
                                        pattern.charAt(j) == '.'));
                if (j + 1 < pattern.length() && pattern.charAt(j+1) == '*'){
                    dp[i][j] = dp[i][j+2] || first_match && dp[i+1][j];
                } else {
                    dp[i][j] = first_match && dp[i+1][j+1];
                }
            }
        }
        return dp[0][0];
    }
}
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