Longest Common Subsequence 1

QUESTION

The longest common subsequence (or LCS) of groups A and B is the longest group of elements from A and B that are common between the two groups and in the same order in each group. \n\nFor example, the sequences \”1234\” and \”1224533324\” have an LCS of \”1234\”.

ANSWER

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
 
int i,j,m,n,c[20][20];
char x[20],y[20],b[20][20];
 
void print(int i,int j)
{
                if(i==0 || j==0)
                                return;
                if(b[i][j]=='c')
                {
                                print(i-1,j-1);
                                printf("%c",x[i-1]);
                }
                else if(b[i][j]=='u')
                                print(i-1,j);
                else
                                print(i,j-1);
}
 
void lcs()
{
                m=strlen(x);
                n=strlen(y);
                for(i=0;i<=m;i++)
                                c[i][0]=0;
                for(i=0;i<=n;i++)
                                c[0][i]=0;
                                
                //c, u and l denotes cross, upward and downward directions respectively
                for(i=1;i<=m;i++)
                                for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
                                {
                                                if(x[i-1]==y[j-1])
                                                {
                                                                c[i][j]=c[i-1][j-1]+1;
                                                                b[i][j]='c';
                                                }
                                                else if(c[i-1][j]>=c[i][j-1])
                                                {
                                                                c[i][j]=c[i-1][j];
                                                                b[i][j]='u';
                                                }
                                                else
                                                {
                                                                c[i][j]=c[i][j-1];
                                                                b[i][j]='l';
                                                }
                                }
}
 
int main()
{

                scanf("%s",x);
                scanf("%s",y);
                printf("\nThe Longest Common Subsequence is ");
                lcs();
                print(m,n);
        return 0;
}
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